Repeated alcohol intake measurements were used to categorize participants into alcohol consumer types, accounting for longitudinal variability in consumption.
A potential mechanism linking cardiovascular disease to chronic kidney disease might be the change in arterial elasticity.
There was no association between decreased renal function and carotid distensibility.
There was no statistical difference in the strength of the association between renal function and PWV in subgroups of participants with and without cardiovascular risk factors.
A longitudinal cohort design was used to evaluate the association between alcohol consumption over 25 years and subsequent changes in arterial stiffness.
cohort study of British civil servants, in which participants completed repeat pulse wave velocity assessments of arterial stiffness across a 4‐ to 5‐year interval.